Cancer of the colon and/or rectum is referred to as colorectal cancer or colorectal carcinoma. To assist identify your illness, your doctor might do a colonoscopy, CT colonography (sometimes called a virtual colonoscopy), or an air-contrast barium enema. To analyze the malignancy and check for any symptoms of metastasis, your doctor may also request blood tests, an endorectal ultrasound, a pelvic MRI, an abdominal and pelvic CT, or a PET/CT scan.
Surgery can be necessary, depending on the type, severity, and stage of the cancer. Treatment with radiation therapy, such as external beam therapy, may be necessary for advanced instances (EBT). To lessen the likelihood that the tumor will reappear in another part of the body, your doctor may also recommend chemotherapy.
A cancer or malignant growth of the large intestine that might damage the colon or rectum is called colorectal carcinoma. The colon, often known as the large intestine, is segmented anatomically and connected to the small intestine. The transverse colon, which is located in the middle of your body, the descending colon, which is located on the left side of your body, and the sigmoid colon make up the colon (in your pelvis area). Your rectum, the lowest portion of the large intestine, is situated just above the anal canal and is connected to your sigmoid colon via the rectum.