Agriculture is the backbone of the Ethiopian economy. Despite the fact that farmers make up the bulk of the population, Ethiopians have not yet been able to feed everyone. This is constrained by both biotic and abiotic causes. Important steps must be taken to resolve it. The primary concerns are covered in this review paper so that policymakers, academics, researchers, farmers, and other stakeholders may create future problem-solving approaches. It is also used to analyze the national demand for automated farms, the rise in agricultural output of the country, and political commitment. In the coming decades, it will be extremely challenging to ensure the food security of Ethiopians. This is a result of the world’s population expanding quickly; agricultural land being converted to urban expansion, climate change, the depletion of natural resources, the rising cost of basic necessities, youth unemployment, political upheaval, and civil war. Governments, nongovernmental organizations, and other international organizations must devote themselves more fully to ensuring the population’s basic needs and encouraging their members to commercialize agriculture by improving infrastructure, providing incentives, and exporting agricultural goods in order to overcome these challenges. Not only could foreign governments and organizations contribute money and donate items to the country, but they also need to make sure that the political and economic environment is conducive to accomplishing the intended goals. It is advised that the support be provided in a fashion that allows observable effects to be seen within the specified time frame, as opposed to the traditional piecemeal regular support from year to year and decade to decade.